Saturday, July 25, 2009

. What Is Social Work ? .


Social work is both a profession and social science. It involves the application of social theory and research methods to study and improve the lives of people, groups, and societies. It incorporates and uses other social sciences as a means to improve the human condition and positively change society's response to chronic problems.Social work is a profession committed to the pursuit of social justice, to the enhancement of the quality of life, and to the development of the full potential of each individual, group and community in the society. It seeks to simultaneously address and resolve social issues at every level of society and economic status, but especially among the poor and sick (Wikipedia).

Social Work may also be defined as the applied science of helping people achieve an effective level of psychosocial functioning (Barker, 1991). The National Association of Social Workers (NASW), described social work as:

"...the professional activity of helping individual, groups, or communities to enhance or restore their capacity for social functioning and to create societal conditions favorable to this goal. Social work practice consists of the professional application of social work values, principles, and techniques to one or more of the following ends: helping people obtain tangible services; providing counseling and psychotherapy with individuals, families, and groups; helping communities or groups provide or improve social and health services; and participating in relevant legislative processes. The practice of social work requires knowledge of human development and behavior; of social, economic, and cultural institutions; and of the interaction of these factors."


The Social workers work with people who use social services to assess and respond to their care requirements. This will usually involve working alongside other professional agencies to ensure that people who use social services receive the support they need. Social workers are concerned with social problems, their causes, their solutions and their human impacts. They work with individuals, families, groups, organizations and communities (http://socialwork.iu.edu/snav/116/page.htm). They are professionally trained person employed in the administration of charity, social service, social service, welfare, and peverty agencies, advocacy, or religious outreach programs,Social work and human history go together.


The term social worker has been defined by the National Association of Social Work ( NASW) as,
“Graduates of schools of social work ( with either bachelor’s or master’s degree), who use their knowladge and skills to provide social services for client ( who may be individuals, families, groups, communities, organizations, or society in general). Social workers help people increase their capacities for problems solving and coping and help them obtain needed resource, facilitate interactions between individuals and between people and their enviroments, make organizations responsible to people, and influence social policies."


There are several types of professional social work activities which is casework, case management, group work, group therapy, family therapy, community organization, administration, research, consulting, planning, supervision, and teaching. Role models for social work practise include enabler, broker, advocate, activist, and educator. The four goal of social work practice are to :
(a) Enhance the problem-solving, coping, and develop-mental capacities of people;
(b) Link people with system that provide then with resources, services, and opportunities;
(c) Promote the effectiveness and humane operation of system that provide people with resources and services; and
(d) Develop and improve social policy.

The value base of social work includes respect for the dignity and uniqueness of each individual, client’s right to self-determination, confidentiality, advocacy and social action to ensure the right of those with limited power, focus on family, accountability, and an institutional orientation.(Charles Zastrow 1993 )